How To Build Infinitive Clauses In German

build infinitive clauses in German

Numerous German beginners struggle with the german infinitive clauses when constructing sentences. They either put “zu” when it isn’t required or leave it out of a sentence where it is. This article should have helped you understand Infinitivsätze. To learn more about german infinitive clauses, German Classes in Chennai provide proper learning guidance.

Exactly what does it mean? The word “Infinitiv”, like the English word “infinitive”, indicates a verb’s basic form. bleiben, fahren… all infinitives.

“Sätze” is the plural version of “Satz”. Basically, we’re speaking regarding german infinitive clauses sentences. But, not all infinitivsätze have a verb in their base form. Infinitives with “Zu” are referred to as “Zu sentences”.

  • Ich warte darauf, meinen Freund zu treffen – I am waiting to meet my friend.
  • Ich versuche Deutsch zu lernen. – I am trying to learn german.

To learn more about zu infinitive, stick with the German Online German Language Course, which offers more tutorial videos and concept modules.

What is the best way to construct zu infinitive german?

A subordinate clause (Nebensatz). It is continually related to the main sentence (Hauptsatz). A comma frequently segregates the main and subordinate clauses.

  • ich hoffe, ich schaffe die prüfung. – i hope i clear the exam.

The zu infinitive german requires “zu + base form” at the conclusion of the phrase. If the prefix and verb are separable, “zu” is added.

  • Ich verspreche, diesen Job zu beenden – I promise to finish this job
  • Ich lasse diese Nacht aus –  I am leaving out this night.

Please keep in mind that Infinitivsatz does not have a topic. In practice, it is most often used to refer to either the subject or the object of the main phrase, depending on the context.

  • Er hofft, dass es ihm morgen besser zu geht- He hopes he will be better tomorrow.

Infinitivsatz has no topic. It usually refers to the main clause’s subject or object.

Ich hoffe, dass ich diese Arbeit morgen abschließen kann.

  •  Ich hoffe, dass ich diese Arbeit morgen abschließen werde – I hope I will complete this work tomorrow.
  • Mein Vater erlaubt mir, meinen Kollegen zu sehen. – My father permits me to see my colleague.

So an Infinitivsatz with “zu” is not conceivable if the subordinate clause’s subject is distinct from the main clause’s subject/object. In this scenario, the subordinate sentence must begin with “dass”.

  • Ich hoffe es geht ihr gut. – I hope she feels good.

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